Basic Counseling Types Of Therapy

By helping patients find motivation, improve relationships and develop skills in reaching the recovery, licensed therapists and counselors use various approaches depending on the age, factors of surroundings and type of the addiction.

Psychoanalysis

The belief of this treatment is that by revealing issues from analyzing the past relationships and bringing them to the surface, treatment will develop. Roots of this type are made by Sigmund Freud. This one has a lot of researches because it requires significant work of understanding one’s self.

Behavioral theory


It is based on the belief that behavior is learned. The famous study is from Pavlov research with dogs salivating when hearing bell because food comes after. Anyway, behavioral therapists use behavior modification techniques to change destructive and unwanted behaviors.

Cognitive theory

This theory reflects on how people’s thinking change behavior or feeling. Therapists here are oriented toward problem-solving, and this therapy is brief. The present situation is primary here, and this one is often combined with behavioral therapy. Many mental illnesses like personality disorders, eating disorders and substance abuse orders are successfully solved with this type of therapy.

Humanistic approach

By emphasizing a person’s self-growth and self-actualization therapists focus on the present to achieve patient’s highest potential. Focusing on free will, responsibility, and self-determination of their patient’s counselor support clients to control their destinies.

Holistic therapy

Holistic therapyIntegrates various elements of different theories to make the best combination of techniques and tools to solve particular client’s problem. The success of the relationship between client and therapist is still primary above all other aspects of this treatment.

No matter which type of therapy is used, the goal is the same, to provide a nonjudgmental environment where therapist and client may together work to achieve mutually agreed plan solutions.